Dormir Preterite Conjugation

Dormir Preterite Conjugation

Dormir Conjugation: In general, in order to use a Spanish verb in a sentence you must change the ending of the verb to correspond with the subject. We call this conjugation. If you think of a verb as a power tool like a drill, that has different bits at the end that you can attach for different tasks, then you have the idea of conjugation. Let’s look at the example with the regular verb vivir (to live).

Dormir Conjugation FrenchBecause dormir is a stem-changing verb, instead of just changing the ending, or the drill bit, you actually have to change more of the spelling of the verb. In the stem of the verb, the -o changes to -ue for most of the conjugations. It would be like switching out your battery for the power plug to use the drill. It’s essentially the same tool with the same parts, you just needed to do a little extra to the drill itself for the task at hand. Let’s see how that looks

Dormir Preterite Conjugation

Dormir lies in the first group of irregular -ir verbs that display a pattern. It includes dormir, mentir, partir, sentir, servir, sortir, and all of their derivatives, such as repartir. All of these verbs share this characteristic: They all drop the last letter of the radical (root) in the singular conjugations. For instance, the first-person singular of dormir is je dors (no “m”), and the first-person plural is nous dormons, which retains the “m” from the root. The more you can recognize these patterns, the easier it will be to remember conjugations.

Dormir (“to sleep”) is a very common, irregular -ir verb in the French language. The verb is part of an important set of irregular -ir verbs that share conjugation patterns. … Dormir lies in the first group of irregular -ir verbs that display a pattern.

Masculine & Feminine. … And yes, the word for ‘man,’ homme, is masculine.

Verb. dormir (first-person singular present indicative durmo, past participle dormido) (intransitive) to sleep; to be asleep (to rest in a state of reduced consciousness) Quieto!

Conjugation Of Dormir

Perhaps one never misses sleep more than when a new life has been added to a family. To understand dormir in context, let’s look at an example. You see your friend Mariana with her new baby. Like any new mother, Mariana’s sleep patterns have changed, and you both want to talk about it.

Within irregular -ir verbs, there are some patterns. Two groups exhibit similar characteristics and conjugation patterns. Then there is a final, large category of extremely irregular -ir verbs that follow no pattern.

Generally speaking, most French verbs ending in -mir, -tir, or -vir are conjugated this way. Such verbs include:

  • Dormir > to sleep
  • Endormir > to put/send to sleep
  • Redormir > to sleep some more
  • Rendormir > to put back to sleep
  • Départir > to accord
  • Partir > to leave
  • Repartir > to restart, set off again
  • Consentir > to consent
  • Pressentir  > to have a premonition
  • Ressentir > to feel, sense
  • Sentir > to feel, to smell
  • mentir > to lie
  • Se repentir > to repent
  • Servir > to serve, to be useful
  • Sortir > to go out

Dormir Conjugation Preterite

The preterite tense is used to talk about things that happened in the immediate past or short term past. The verb dormir is regular in the preterite tense for all pronouns except the third person singular and plural. These pronouns have an -o to -u shift.

VERB: dormir (dor-MEER) to sleep
Subject
Pronoun
Preterite Tense Pronunciation Translation
yo dormí dor-MEE I slept
dormiste dor-MEE-stay You (informal) slept
él, ella, usted durmió dur-mee-OH He, she, you (formal) slept
nosotros
nosotras
dormimos dor-MEE-mose We slept
vosotros
vosotras
dormisteis dor-mee-STAY-ees You (plural, informal) slept
ellos, ellas,
ustedes
durmieron dur-mee-EH-rone They (male, female), you (plural, informal) slept

Dormir French Conjugation

The Present Tense of Dormir
Conjugation Translation
yo duermo I sleep
tú duermes You (informal) sleep
él/ella/ello/uno duerme He/she/one sleeps
usted duerme You (formal) sleep
nosotros dormimos We sleep
vosotros dormís You all (informal) sleep
ellos/ellas duermen They sleep
ustedes duermen You all (formal) sleep

Use the chart below to learn and memorize the conjugations of dormir in its various tenses and moods.

Present Future Imperfect Present Participle
je dors dormirai dormais dormant
tu dors dormiras dormais
il dort dormira dormait Passé Composé
nous dormons dormirons dormions    Auxiliary verb  avoir
vous dormez dormirez dormiez    Past participle dormi
ils dorment dormiront dormaient
Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive
je dorme dormirais dormis dormisse
tu dormes dormirais dormis dormisses
il dorme dormirait dormit dormît
nous dormions dormirions dormîmes dormissions
vous dormiez dormiriez dormîtes dormissiez
ils dorment dormiraient dormirent dormissent
Imperative
tu dors
nous dormons
vous dormez

Dormir Verb Conjugation

As noted, dormir is conjugated similarly to other French verbs ending in-mir, -tir, or -vir. Below is a side-by-side comparison of dormir versus sortir verus partir in the present tense.

Dormir (to sleep) Sortir (to go out) Partir (to leave)
Je dors sur un matelas dur.
I sleep on a hard mattress.
Je sors tous les soirs.
I go out every night.
Je pars à midi.
I’m leaving at noon.
Dormez-vous d’un sommeil
léger ?
Do you sleep lightly?
Sortez-vous maintenant?
Are you going out now?
Partez-vous bientôt?
Are you leaving soon?
je dors sors part
tu dors sors pars
il dort sort part
nous   dormons sortons partons
vous dormez sortez partons
ils dorment sortent partent

Examples of Dormir

It can be helpful in your studies to see how dormir is used in phrases, as in these examples, which show the French phrase followed by the translation in English :

  • Avoir envie de dormir > to feel sleepy / to feel like sleeping
  • Dormir d’un sommeil profond / lourd / de plomb > to be a heavy sleeper / to be fast asleep, to be sound asleep, to be in a deep sleep
  • Dormir à poings fermés > to be fast asleep, to be sleeping like a baby

Review these conjugations and examples and soon you’ll be en train de dormir (sleeping soundly) the night before a French language test or a meeting with a French-speaking friend.

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